Organic fabrics are produced and certified to organic agricultural standards, some common examples of organic fabrics include, jersey, bamboo, hemp, velour, silk and yarn. Safety standards are much better when organically producing fibres and fabrics. The most common organic fabric is cotton. Organic cotton is grown in a way that uses methods and materials that lessen the impact on our environment. A big effort in the organic movement is to use growing systems that replenish and maintain soil fertility and build biologically diverse agriculture.
That being said, organic cotton uses double the amount of water than normal cotton production. On average, 2500 litres is used for just one shirt made from organic cotton. Organic textiles farmers are under stress as they cannot keep up with the demand of the industry.Cotton is one of the worst fabrics in the industry, as the amount of pesticides and fertilisers used to make cotton is harmful however, in organic cotton and organic textiles have none. That's why it's highly regarded as being better for the environment and being eco-friendly. However, the pros of using organic fabrics are that it is more suitable for people with sensitive skin, breathable and lightweight.
How organic cotton is made and collected:
1) Seed preparation: Natural, untreated GMO free seeds.
2) Soil - preparation: Healthy soil through crop rotation. Retains moisture in soil from increased organic matter.
3) Weed control: Healthy soil creates natural balance. Beneficial insects and trap crops used
4) Harvesting: Natural defoliation from freezing temperatures or through the use of water management
5) Production: Warp fibres stabilized using double-plying or nontoxic cornstarch.
6) Whitening: Safe peroxide is used
7) Finishing: Soft scour in warm water with soda ash for a PH of 7.5/ 8
8) Dyeing: Natural dyes are used
9) Printing: Water-based inks and pigments are used to print designs on the fabric.